WordPress – What is WordPress – A quick WordPress guide

By - May 20, 2019

WordPress – What is WordPress – A quick WordPress guide

Web Development has revolutionized since the birth of WordPress. It was initially developed to create simple websites but later on it made huge progress. Now WordPress has become a standard CMS so you can create any type of website with WordPress. WordPress repository offers a wide range of Themes and Plugins. Some key features of WordPress are listed below:

WordPress key features

  • Custom taxonomy
  • Custom permalink structure
  • Shortcodes, Menus, Widgets
  • Custom Post Types
  • Media Management
  • Comments Moderation
  • User / User role management
  • Themes and Plugins

Each website has a different set of requirements. Using the above listed features one can create a tailored website. However, WordPress repository has a variety of themes to choose from. Most likely it will fulfill your requirements. If not there are Plugins which can cover the remaining. Still need customization? Congratulation there is an option to create WordPress Custom Themes and Plugins which can fulfill the desired.

Without leaving the topic we will brief the WordPress key features.

We listed WordPress above. Here we will try to brief in easy way so you can understand and learn more.

Custom taxonomy

WordPress has some default post types and categories. However you can create custom taxonomy in WordPress according to your needs. Taxonomy is just like a category. Taxonomy can further be divided into two types

  • Hierarchal

    • May contain childs or parents. Useful when creating relation to other taxonomies. For example creating breadcrumbs.
  • Non-Hierarchal

    • It is independent of childs or parents. Useful when grouping same posts together. For example creating tags or genres.

You should never use these taxonomies try something different.

Custom permalink structure

Permalink is the URL to a single post. You can customize the way in which WordPress constructs the URL to a post. WordPress offers 5 different types of Permalink structures.

  1. Plain
  2. Day and Name
  3. Month and Name
  4. Numeric
  5. Post Name

However you can combine some or all of them. Here are 10 variables you can use in your permalinks.

  1. %year%
  2. %monthnum%
  3. %day%
  4. %hour%
  5. %minute%
  6. %second%
  7. %post_id%
  8. %postname%
  9. %category%
  10. %author%

You can also add custom string as prefix or postfix to permalink structure. However changing permalink frequently can have serious impact on your SEO.

Menus, Widgets, Shortcodes

  • Menus

    • You can create custom menus in WordPress. You may include posts, pages, categories, custom taxonomies or custom links to your menu. However it depends on your theme that how many menus it can display on different locations. For Example you could have a top menu, a main menu, a social menu, a footer menu and a Sidebar menu etc. Your theme will be responsible to display them on the locations defined by the developer.
  • Widgets

    • In WordPress Widgets are pre-programmed objects you can use on different locations like within sidebar. Menus and Widgets are defined by developer of theme you are using on your WordPress. The main difference is that WordPress has not a default menu but has some default widgets listed below.
      • Archives
      • Audio
      • Calendar
      • Categories
      • Custom HTML
      • Gallery
      • Image
      • Meta
      • Pages
      • Recent Comments
      • Recent Posts
      • RSS Feed
      • Search Form
      • Tag Cloud
      • Text
      • Video

Your theme may also contain some default/custom widgets other than the above given.

  • Shortcodes

    • Shortcode makes life easy. A shortcode is replaced by WordPress with the code/processing defined for it. For example you have a shortcode to create thumbnail/featured image of current post within post. So place shortcode where you want to show image. When you change the featured image it will automatically update the link for that shortcode.

Custom Post Types

Your content is grouped on the basis of taxonomies. Your content can further be divided into custom post types. A custom post type can have its own taxonomies or it can also use the predefined. For Example you have a movies website. Its taxonomies can be categories, years, genre, stars e.t.c. So it can have the following post types:

  • Movie
  • Season
  • Article

Each post type is self explanatory and can have one or more above mentioned taxonomies.

Media Management

Organizing your media in WordPress is quiet easy. You can organize based on different folders like month-and year or directly to upload folder. You can edit, crop, and resize your image directly in WordPress. It creates thumbnails of different sizes to quick access. Original High Resolution image is preserved and thumbnails are served for a faster user experience. WordPress has 3 default image sizes except original one:

  • Thumbnail Size
  • Medium Size
  • Large Size

Size for each thumbnail can be set via Settings > Media within WordPress admin. A custom plugin can do much more like bulk editing, thumbnail regeneration etc.

Comments Moderation

You have written a great article and it gets ranked in search engine. Some people will ask for further help while other will appreciate. What will you do when there are hundreds or thousands of Posts with comments? How will you prevent spam? You are lucky if you have been using WordPress which have Default comments moderation system. It contains the following options:

  • Attempt to notify any blogs linked to from the article
  • Allow link notifications from other blogs (pingbacks and trackbacks) on new articles
  • Allow people to post comments on new articles
  • Comment author must fill out name and email
  • Users must be registered and logged in to comment
  • Automatically close comments on articles older than X days
  • Show comments cookies opt-in checkbox.
  • Enable threaded (nested) comments levels deep
  • Break comments into pages with X top level comments per page and the first/last page displayed by default
  • Comments should be displayed with the older/newer comments at the top of each page
  • Anyone posts a comment
  • A comment is held for moderation
  • Comment must be manually approved
  • Comment author must have a previously approved comment
  • Hold a comment in the queue if it contains X or more links. (A common characteristic of comment spam is a large number of hyperlinks.)
  • When a comment contains any of these words in its content, name, URL, email, or IP address, it will be held in the moderation queue. One word or IP address per line. It will match inside words, so “press” will match “WordPress”.
  • When a comment contains any of these words in its content, name, URL, email, or IP address, it will be put in the trash. One word or IP address per line. It will match inside words, so “press” will match “WordPress”.
  • Show Avatars

Although there are some Plugins which can filter span efficiently. These Plugins are updated frequently then WordPress.

User / User role management

WordPress comes with a properly managed user management system. Each user can have their content. Moreover each user is assigned a role. WordPress has 5 user roles by default:

  1. Administrator
  2. Editor
  3. Author
  4. Contributor
  5. Subscriber

Plugins and themes can update users roles depends upon requirements. Therefore use them on your own risk as they can take over your entire website.

Themes and Plugins

A wide range of WordPress themes and Plugins are available on WordPress repository. Even a newbie can create a website without typing a single line of code. You can install multiple themes at once but able to use one theme at a time. However you can use many Plugins active at the same time. On the other hand custom theme development and plugin development in WordPress is quiet easy. In other words, You only need the basic knowledge of HTML, CSS and php. But you can use other languages like JavaScript, JQuery and AngularJS according to your requirements.

So here was an introduction to WordPress in short. Hope I have managed to deliver what I mean and what you were looking for. Show your interest, any imperfection in article or suggestion in comments. I am using WordPress for Years and satisfied with it like millions of other users. In short It is always up to you to use a CMS that fulfills your requirements.

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